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Controlled Breeding of non-descriptive cows in State launched

Bhubaneswar, Sep 26: Fisheries and Animal Resources Development (F&ARD) Department has planned to initiate artificial insemination (AI) in 10,000 indigenous/Non-Descript cows from October 2 to 8 by adopting advanced reproductive technology of synchronised breeding through camp mode with an objective to sensitise and motivate the farmers rearing Indigenous cattle.

Non-descript cows of the State in all the districts where J K Trust and BAIF are engaged in the dairy development process will be covered under this project by following the estrous synchronisation protocol.

Synchronised breeding is an advanced reproductive method, where two physiological events – estrous and ovulation are controlled by using reproductive hormones. Under the proposed program in the State, double synch protocol will be followed for Synchronisation of cattle.

Cyclic cows will be selected in the operational area covering 500 AI centres and cows will be tagged for identification in each proposed centre, said F&ARD Secretary Bishnupada Sethi.

These cows will be provided with deworming medicine and supportive therapy like Mineral mixture and Vitamin supplementation for better sexual health. The selected animals will be given first dose of hormone PGF2 followed by GnRH after two days. Second dose of hormone PGF2 will be given on 9th day after first dose of PGF2 followed by GnRH on 11th day. All the animals undergone hormonal induction will be kept under observation by tying these animals in the cow shed. The owners of the cow and local veterinary field staff will be in constant touch for observing the oestrus symptoms in the cows. The concerned field staff will inseminate the cows with indigenous semen like Gir, Sahiwal and Red Sindhi followed by second insemination after 24 hours.

To encourage the owners of the ND cows and lessen the financial burden, collection of user charges will not be made towards animal examination and follow up services from farmers participating in the program. However, farmers will pay user charges towards first artificial insemination of their cow. The complete data base of the animals covered under controlled breeding programme will be maintained properly.

This programme intends for creating interest among farmers for rearing of indigenous breeds/ Non-Descript cows and for enhancing productivity of existing indigenous and non-descript cattle through genetic up-gradation. The productivity of indigenous non descript cattle in the State is only 1.47 litres per day against the National average of 2.36 litres per day during 2012-13. In other areas of State, apart from 500 Artificial Insemination Centres, where controlled breeding program is not carried out, a massive campaign will be undertaken for up-gradation of non-descript cows during the week.

The Controlled Breeding Programme in indigenous non-descript cattle was launched by Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik for the benefit of dairy farmers in the State.

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