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Centre accords ‘A’ grade to Cuttack Frozen Semen Bank

Bhubaneswar, Nov 3: The Frozen Semen Bank (FSB) located at Khapuria, Cuttack has been ranked as ‘A’ Grade after evaluation by Central Monitoring Unit (CMU). Recently, evaluation report for the year 2015-16 has been published. All together, 56 semen stations exist in the country.

As per the evaluation, 32 stations have got Grade A, 15 stations have got Grade B and 2 nos. of station have been rated as NG (non-graded), while two semen stations have not been evaluated.

The CMU constituted by Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairy and Fisheries, Union Ministry of Agriculture evaluate Frozen Semen Banks based on various parameters such as management of donor bulls, disease protocol, semen collection procedure, laboratory practices, bio-security, progeny testing etc.

The CMU had visited the Frozen Semen Bank at Cuttack on January 10 January for evaluation. The final evaluation report was communicated by the Centre September 17.

It is pertinent to mention here that timely interventions such as establishment of Andrology Laboratory, Incinerator, Improvement in Bio-security measures, Isolation Shed, Hydroponic Unit, maintenance of Pedigree record, and Progeny Testing Programme for evaluation of bulls were initiated as per the recommendation of Central Monitoring Unit from time to time. FSB, Cuttack is also going to induct Binjharpuri Bulls and 7 bull calves are already procured. With the sincere efforts and hard work of all the staff as well as by the valuable guidance by State Government along with the support of Odisha Livestock Resources Development Society (OLRDS), the institute finally achieved ‘A’ grade with a total score of 87 out of 100. This semen station was rated as Grade: A during 2012-13 with a total score of 80.20 ranking 25th in the country. The overall ranking of Odisha based only semen station has improved over the years, which has now got the second position in the eastern region and 6th highest score in the country.

Artificial Insemination by using Frozen Semen Technology is being extensively used for genetic up-gradation of indigenous cattle throughout the country. Dissemination of superior milk production traits is the key for productive enhancement of the dairy animal.  By crossing local female cattle with superior sire semen by artificial insemination (AI), cross-breeding program has been taken up on a large scale and at a comparatively low cost. The semen with living sperms collected from the donor bulls are processed, packaged in single dose plastic straws and stored in frozen state for future use. 

The long-term preservation of semen by deep-freezing allows considerable flexibility in arrangements for the supply of semen. Freezing also permits a more efficient use of the semen. These frozen semen after thawing are introduced into female reproductive tract at proper time with the help of instruments. In order to ensure better conception rate, fertility and genetic progress, quality of the frozen semen is important. Therefore, Frozen Semen Bank is the nucleus of the Artificial Insemination programme in cattle and buffalo.

FSB, Cuttack was established during 1978-79 under Indo-Danish collaboration. Under National Project on Cattle and Buffalo Breeding Programme (2nd phase) and National Program on Bovine Breeding, steps were taken to upgrade the Institute with requisite infrastructure, modern equipment and facilities. Currently, Frozen Semen Bank, Cuttack is maintaining 4 Pure Jersey, 31 Cross-breed, 15 Hariana and 11 Red Sindhi donor bulls. Frozen Semen Bank (FSB) has a capacity to produce 12 lakh doses per annum and produced 10.15 lakh doses of frozen semen during 2015-16, which was 13% higher than the production made during 2014-15. There was tremendous response from farmers, for which all time record number of 16.34 lakhs cattle were inseminated last year (2015-16). 


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